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Counseling before the test includes:
Helping you understand what the test can and can’t tell you.
Explaining if anyone else can find out your test results.
Helping you understand your risk for HIV.
Counseling after the test includes:
Helping you understand what your test result means.
Ways to prevent the spread of HIV, whether your test is positive or negative.
Helping you make a plan to deal with either a positive or a negative test result.
Testing can reduce your anxiety and may help you make changes to improve your quality of life.
If you are thinking about getting pregnant, testing can help you look at the risk of passing HIV to your baby. There are medicines you can take to reduce the baby’s risk of getting HIV.
You will know if it is safe to donate blood or organs.
If you have HIV, you can learn how to keep your immune system strong.
You are at risk if:
You have ever shared needles or works to inject or snort drugs or have done non-professional tattooing or piercing.
You have ever had sex with an injection drug user.
You have been a sex partner of someone with HIV or someone at risk for HIV.
You have had many sex partners, or have had sex with someone who has.
You have ever been sexually assaulted
You have ever had a sexually transmitted disease or infection.